EXMOOR COTTAGE HOLIDAYS
Challacombe is a traditional rural "dispersed settlement" (a settlement of scattered farmsteads rather than a nucleated village) about 10 miles from the north coast of Devon with a population of about 150 people in 50 dwellings. Most of the parish is within the protected landscape area of the Exmoor National Park.
Challacombe varies in character from lush sheltered valleys with small enclosed meadows, to wide open moorland with spectacular views. The Chains are the highest point in North Devon and form a natural watershed. The rivers Bray and Barle both start on the Chains, a couple of miles apart, but join the sea nearly 100 miles apart, with the Bray flowing to the north coast of Devon and the Barle flowing all the way to the south coast via the river Exe.
Challacombe has been occupied for thousands of years. The surrounding hills have standing stones from the Neolithic period; ring barrows from the Bronze Age and a large Iron Age hillfort (Shoulsbury) which offers spectacular views over the Taw estuary. The name Challacombe (from the Saxon for "chilly valley") was first recorded in Domesday in 1086 and referred to a manor at Barton Town. There were three other local Domesday manors; at Wallover, Whitefield and Radworthy; but Barton Town became the most important and the Holy Trinity church built there in the C13th still dominates the skyline. Barton Town was the medieval focus of the village but in the early C19th it moved to East Challacombe, or Challacombe Town. This is the present focus of the village; around the shop, the Methodist Chapel and the unusually named Black Venus Inn.
There are lots of interesting walks and places to visit in Challacombe. There is a lovely walk from East Challacombe to Barton Town, which takes in a ford with a footbridge; a packhorse bridge; a beech forest; ancient meadows and the Holy Trinity church, that still retains some of its C13th tower and an early stone font. The tower was recently rendered and the lime plaster is a stunning bright white. Near the church are some earthwork remains of former houses and an impressive banked road, which now leads nowhere.
On the other side of the valley is the spectacular Shoulsbury hillfort, enclosing about five acres with banks and ditches and containing a Bronze Age barrow, with a Neolithic stone set nearby. By legend it was occupied by St. Petrock in the C6th and defended by Alfred the Great against the Danes in the C9th. Its unusual name (perhaps from the Celtic god Sulis and Saxon burh meaning "fortified") betrays its pre-Roman origin. Its large size and nearness to the Harepath (the Saxon "war road" across Exmoor) suggests that this may be where the Celtic king Geraint surrendered to the Saxon king Ine in 710 AD.
The highest part of the parish is known as The Chains, at 480 metres above sea level. The great Mesolithic ridgeway across Exmoor, thought to be part of the only continuous ridgeway from England to Cornwall, runs along the top of The Chains, passing numerous groups of Neolithic stone sets and Bronze Age barrows. Below this is Pinkery Pond, source of the river Barle and thought to have been made to feed a canal that was never built; and charming Challacombe reservoir, above which is the source of the river Bray and the abandoned farmstead of Radworthy.
The Chains have the largest group of prehistoric monuments on Exmoor, probably in use for over two thousand years. The seven foot high Longstone at the head of the river Bray, a recently discovered mortuary platform nearby (where bodies were exposed to the elements, or excarnated) and the enigmatic Quincunx (five stones arranged in the same pattern as the five on a dice) all date from the Neolithic period (around 3000 BC). Chapman Barrows, a large group of burial mounds from the Bronze Age (about 1500 BC) occupy the ridge of the hill and are visible for miles. Each began as a ring of stones (a ring cairn) used for excarnation, perhaps for a few generations, and when decommissioned, a large mound was built over the top. Extraordinarily, each mound is made from turf and topsoil from about 10 acres of cultivated land, which must have been rendered useless for hundreds of years afterwards.
For a small rural UK community, Challacombe has excellent local amenities. A traditional award winning inn, The Black Venus, serves very good home made food, fine wines and real ales. There is also a friendly shop with a Post Office and local Information Point. The shop stocks a variety of guide books, snacks, groceries and alcohol and you can enjoy a fabulous cream tea in the garden. There is a public telephone outside and cards are available in the shop (some mobile networks are not available in the valley but are accessible on the surrounding hills). Other facilities in the village include Exmoor Cottage Holidays serviced self catering cottages at Town Tenement Farm, bed and breakfast at Twitchen Farm, spa and treatment rooms at Home Place, and Webbers Travel, a minibus and taxi service. The Methodist Chapel has a service at 6.30pm on the first Sunday of each month; the Holy Trinity Church has communion service at 11.15am on the second Sunday, and Evensong at 6.30pm on the fourth Sunday.
Challacombe people are very community focused and every year there is a Challacombe Gala, a bonfire night celebration, the Challacombe Ashes (Challacombe vs The Rest of the World) and the Challacombe Sheepdog Trials which started in 1980 and now attracts competitors from all over the South West. Challacombe has its own community website with lots of information about the history of Challacombe and local events. Lastly, but most important of all, Challacombe people are very friendly to visitors and you can be sure of a warm welcome.
Challacombe is the perfect base from which to explore Exmoor and the spectacular coastline of Somerset and North Devon.
Within half an hours drive are the wide sandy beaches of Woolacombe, Saunton and Croyde; the picturesque coastal villages of Lynton, Lynmouth and Porlock; the historic harbour at Ilfracombe and most of the best sights on Exmoor, including Tarr Steps, Dunkery Beacon, Heddons Mouth, the Valley of Rocks, Horners Wood and Countisbury Hill.
There are lots of attractions nearby suitable for children and adults, including Exmoor Zoo, Arlington Court, Watermouth Castle, Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park, Ilfracombe Aquarium, Dunster Castle, Woody Bay Steam Railway, and the tallest tree in England.